MYTHS RELATED TO MENTAL ILLNESSES

यौन मिथक एवं भ्रांतियाँ

SEXUAL MYTHS & MISCONCEPTIONS


 


depression myths

“Antidepressants always cure depression”

Depression is treatable. Among other interventions, your doctor may prescribe antidepressant medications. These drugs alter your brain chemistry. They can help address deep-rooted biological issues that may be contributing to your condition.

But for many people, antidepressants alone aren’t enough. Your doctor may also recommend psychotherapy or talk therapy. Combining medications with talk therapy is a common treatment strategy.

“You can simply ‘snap out of it’”

No one chooses to be depressed. Some people mistakenly believe that it happens when you allow yourself to wallow in your grief or sadness. They may think it can be cured with positive thoughts or a change in attitude.

In reality, depression isn’t a sign of self-pity, weakness, or laziness. It’s a medical condition in which your brain chemistry, function, and structure are negatively affected by environmental or biological factors. If you suspect you’re experiencing it, make an appointment with your doctor.

“It happens because of a sad situation”

Everyone experiences sad thoughts or unhappiness sometimes. For example, you may feel upset following the death of a loved one or the end of a relationship. Events like these can raise your risk of depression. But depression isn’t always caused by a negative incident.

Depression can cause unexplained periods of hopelessness, sadness, and lethargy. You may also experience suicidal tendencies. These episodes can last for prolonged periods. They may arise suddenly and inexplicably, even when things in your life seems to be going well.

“If your parents have depression, so will you”

If you have a history of depression in your family, you’re more likely to develop it yourself, warns the Mayo Clinic. But experts aren’t sure how significant genetics are in determining your risk of depression. Just because your parents or other family members have experienced it doesn’t mean that you will too.

It’s wise to be aware of your family history. But try not to worry too much about risk factors you can’t control. Instead, focus on factors that you can manage. For example, avoid abusing alcohol or drugs to help lower your risk of depression.

“Antidepressants will change your personality”

Antidepressants change your brain chemistry. This might seem scary. You might worry that you’ll feel like an entirely different person when you’re taking them.

It’s helpful to recognize that antidepressants are designed to change only certain chemicals in your brain. They may help relieve your symptoms of depression without changing your underlying personality. After taking them, many people with depression begin to feel like themselves again. If you don’t like how you feel while taking antidepressants, talk to your doctor about your treatment options.

“You’ll have to be on antidepressants forever”

Antidepressants provide a long-term treatment option for many people with depression. But the length of time that you’re advised to take them can vary based on the severity of your condition and your prescribed treatment plan.

You may not need to take antidepressants for the rest of your life. In many cases, your doctor may prescribe psychotherapy along with medication. This therapy can help you learn new ways of coping with life challenges and may lessen your need for medication over time. In other cases, taking antidepressants for longer periods may be the best choice for you.

“Depression only affects women”

Due to social pressures, many men aren’t comfortable discussing their feelings or asking for help. As a result, some people mistakenly believe that depression is a disease that only affects women.

That’s simply untrue. Women more commonly report symptoms of depression, but it can affect men as well. In fact, it can have serious consequences for men. They’re more likely to commit suicide than women. That’s why it’s so important to get help.

“Talking about it only makes things worse”

It’s a common misconception that discussing depression merely reinforces destructive feelings and keeps you focused on negative experiences in life. But for many people, being alone with your thoughts is much more harmful than hashing them out.

It may help to talk to a supportive, reliable, and nonjudgmental listener about your feelings. Your loved ones may be willing to provide a sympathetic ear. But in many cases, a certified therapist is better equipped to provide the support you need.


epilepsy myths

मिर्गी से जुड़े मिथक

Epilepsy

A person with epilepsy experiences frequent, unprovoked seizures that are caused by sporadic, sudden, and extremely strong electrical releases from brain cells. There are an estimated 10 million epileptic patients living in India. In India, at least 1 in 200 or 100 people have this neurological condition. Different types of epilepsy have different effects on people. Although there are more options for treating epilepsy than there were ten years ago, the stigma and guilt associated with the condition prevent people from getting the right medical care. Even though epilepsy is the oldest recorded medical ailment, very little is known about it and very little has been said about it in public.

#1

Myth: "Evil spirits" or "supernatural powers" are to blame for epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder, which is a fact. It is not brought on by any outside causes. Neurologists, epileptologists, medical professionals, and paediatricians should all treat it.

#2

Myth: Epilepsy can be contagious.

Fact: Contact with someone who is having seizures does not spread epilepsy, which is a neurological condition.

#3

The cure for epilepsy is a myth.

Fact: Many epileptic individuals have seen their seizure frequency reduced or eliminated with the help of medication, surgery, dietary changes, and other treatments. The majority of patients may have full, productive lives with the right treatment strategy.

#4

Myth – Epilepsy is genetic.

Fact – Anyone can be diagnosed to have epilepsy at some point in their life. While a few people are born with this disease, there are others who are diagnosed with it for no clear reason. Regardless of your age, sex, ethnicity, or financial background, epilepsy can happen unannounced.

#5

Myth – Epilepsy affects intelligence.

Fact – On average, epileptic patients appear to have a similar degree of intelligence as a healthy person. The learning capabilities of patients will only be affected if the frequency and power of seizures increase.

#6

Myth – An epileptic patient can never get married nor have children.

Fact – With the consent of the two partners, it is possible for epileptic patients to marry and lead a healthy life. Additionally, with appropriate preconception guiding, it is possible for an epileptic lady to conceive and have children.

#7

Myth – During a seizure, epileptic patients in some cases swallow their tongue.

Fact – An individual having seizures may wind up biting his/her tongue, but it is difficult to swallow the tongue and choke.

#8

Myth – If you’ve had a seizure, you have epilepsy.

Fact – Not all seizures can be due to epilepsy. Seizures can occur due to different reasons like high temperature, binge drinking, head damage, etc. To be diagnosed as a case of epilepsy, the patient must have endured at least two unprovoked seizures.

#9

Myth – You should force something into the mouth of somebody having a seizure.

Fact – Please don’t place anything into an individual’s mouth if he/she is having a seizure as it could cause an injury. During most seizures, the individual is unconscious and incapable of dealing with foreign objects in his/her mouth.

 

मिरगी

मिर्गी से पीड़ित व्यक्ति को बार-बार, बिना उकसावे के दौरे का अनुभव होता है जो मस्तिष्क कोशिकाओं से छिटपुट, अचानक और बेहद मजबूत विद्युत रिलीज के कारण होता है। एक अनुमान के अनुसार भारत में मिर्गी के लगभग 10 मिलियन मरीज रहते हैं। भारत में, 200 या 100 लोगों में से कम से कम 1 को यह न्यूरोलॉजिकल स्थिति होती है। विभिन्न प्रकार की मिर्गी का लोगों पर अलग-अलग प्रभाव पड़ता है। यद्यपि मिर्गी के इलाज के लिए दस साल पहले की तुलना में अब अधिक विकल्प मौजूद हैं, लेकिन इस स्थिति से जुड़े कलंक और अपराध बोध लोगों को सही चिकित्सा देखभाल प्राप्त करने से रोकते हैं। यद्यपि मिर्गी सबसे पुरानी दर्ज चिकित्सा बीमारी है, इसके बारे में बहुत कम जानकारी है और सार्वजनिक रूप से इसके बारे में बहुत कम कहा गया है।

#1

मिथक: मिर्गी के लिए "बुरी आत्माएं" या "अलौकिक शक्तियां" दोषी हैं।

मिर्गी एक तंत्रिका संबंधी विकार है, जो एक सच्चाई है। यह किसी बाहरी कारण से नहीं होता। न्यूरोलॉजिस्ट, मिर्गी रोग विशेषज्ञ, चिकित्सा पेशेवर और बाल रोग विशेषज्ञ सभी को इसका इलाज करना चाहिए।

#2

मिथक: मिर्गी संक्रामक हो सकती है.

तथ्य: दौरे से पीड़ित किसी व्यक्ति के संपर्क में आने से मिर्गी नहीं फैलती है, जो एक न्यूरोलॉजिकल स्थिति है।

#3

मिर्गी का इलाज एक मिथक है.

तथ्य: कई मिर्गी से पीड़ित व्यक्तियों ने दवा, सर्जरी, आहार परिवर्तन और अन्य उपचारों की मदद से दौरे की आवृत्ति को कम या समाप्त होते देखा है। सही उपचार रणनीति के साथ अधिकांश मरीज़ पूर्ण, उत्पादक जीवन जी सकते हैं।

#4

मिथक - मिर्गी आनुवंशिक होती है।

तथ्य - किसी को भी उसके जीवन में कभी न कभी मिर्गी होने का पता चल सकता है। जहां कुछ लोग इस बीमारी के साथ पैदा होते हैं, वहीं कुछ ऐसे भी होते हैं जिनमें बिना किसी स्पष्ट कारण के इसका पता चल जाता है। आपकी उम्र, लिंग, जातीयता या वित्तीय पृष्ठभूमि के बावजूद, मिर्गी अघोषित रूप से हो सकती है।

#5

मिथक - मिर्गी बुद्धि को प्रभावित करती है।

तथ्य - औसतन, मिर्गी के रोगियों में एक स्वस्थ व्यक्ति के समान ही बुद्धि होती है। मरीजों की सीखने की क्षमता तभी प्रभावित होगी जब दौरे की आवृत्ति और शक्ति बढ़ेगी।

#6

मिथक - मिर्गी के मरीज की कभी शादी नहीं हो सकती और न ही उसके बच्चे हो सकते हैं।

तथ्य - दोनों साथियों की सहमति से मिर्गी के मरीजों के लिए शादी करना और स्वस्थ जीवन जीना संभव है। इसके अतिरिक्त, उचित पूर्वधारणा मार्गदर्शन के साथ, मिर्गी से पीड़ित महिला के लिए गर्भधारण करना और बच्चे पैदा करना संभव है।

#7

मिथक - दौरे के दौरान कुछ मामलों में मिर्गी के मरीज़ अपनी जीभ निगल लेते हैं।

तथ्य - दौरे पड़ने पर कोई व्यक्ति अपनी जीभ काट सकता है, लेकिन जीभ को निगलना और दम घुटना मुश्किल होता है।

#8

मिथक - यदि आपको दौरा पड़ा है, तो आपको मिर्गी है।

तथ्य - सभी दौरे मिर्गी के कारण नहीं हो सकते। दौरे अलग-अलग कारणों से हो सकते हैं जैसे उच्च तापमान, अत्यधिक शराब पीना, सिर में क्षति आदि। मिर्गी के मामले के रूप में निदान करने के लिए, रोगी को कम से कम दो अकारण दौरे झेलने चाहिए।

#9

मिथक - आपको दौरे वाले किसी व्यक्ति के मुंह में जबरदस्ती कुछ डालना चाहिए।

तथ्य - यदि किसी व्यक्ति को दौरा पड़ रहा हो तो कृपया उसके मुंह में कुछ भी न डालें क्योंकि इससे चोट लग सकती है। अधिकांश दौरे के दौरान, व्यक्ति बेहोश होता है और अपने मुंह में विदेशी वस्तुओं से निपटने में असमर्थ होता है।

adhd mYTHS

Myth #1: ADHD is an American disorder that results from our hyper-fast lifestyle.
Fact: ADHD is recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a neurodevelopmental disorder of international proportions, with scientific research conducted on every continent.

Myth #2: Bad parenting is the cause of ADHD in children.
Fact: ADHD is found around the world in a diverse range of cultures, economies, social and educational systems. It is not the result of bad parenting.

Myth #3: There is no clear medical proof for ADHD.
Fact: Thirty years of medical imaging proves that there are multiple differences in the ADHD brain versus the normal brain.

Myth #4: Children outgrow ADHD.
Fact: At least 60 percent of children with ADHD will continue to exhibit symptoms of the disorder to an impairing degree during adulthood.

Myth #5: If you weren’t diagnosed with ADHD as a child, you cannot have ADHD as an adult.
Fact: In the largest U.S. study of psychiatric disorders among the general population, 75 percent of adults with ADHD were never diagnosed as children.

Myth #6: ADHD is not passed down through genetics.
Fact: Current research shows that 75 percent of ADHD diagnoses are linked to genetic causes.

Myth #7: ADHD is a condition that doesn’t cause severe problems.
Fact: ADHD life is riddled with difficulties in functioning, interpersonal, social, academic and professional skills. It can lead to significant issues at school and work, relationship problems, anxiety, depression, financial struggles and legal difficulties. Among adults with ADHD, there is lower educational achievement and career attainment, co-occurring psychiatric disorders and higher suicide rates. Children with ADHD have higher rates of retention in grade level, high school dropout, substance abuse, co-occurring psychiatric disorders, unintentional injuries and emergency department visits.

Myth #8: Medications are toxic and therapy doesn’t work.
Fact: ADHD is highly manageable with an individualized, multimodal treatment approach that can include behavioral interventions, parent and patient training, educational support and medication. Medications for ADHD are among the most effective treatments in all of medicine